The Kingdom of Ethiopia as a whole may be divided into three distinct periods the Adamic known as prehistoric Ethiopia, the Cushite Kingdom ruled from Aksum and the Solomonic Dynasty which began in the Time of Queen Makeda of Tigre 1000 B.C (Queen of Sheba). The Ancient Ethiopian Chronologies say Aram os Ori the 35th son of Adam ascended the throne of Ethiopia in the year of the world 970 which is 4470 B.C and that twenty-one Kings had ascended the throne before the Flood. There is another more accurate record of the long list of Kings according to Ethiopian Historians, that was probably more accurate than the Ancient Ethiopian Chronicles but it was carried to Egypt when the Ethiopian Kings ruled that country and was destroyed when their power was overthrown.
The Ethiopians were the founders of the Egyptian Kingdom and were the most powerful people of the Ancient World. Braughton’s History Of Ancient People states that “…According to progressive theory the earth may have been first peopled by men black in colour, if so, the Blacks reached their climax in Ancient times, however, how much Egypt, India and Southern Europe owe to them may never be known.” Further he states, “…Of the fifteen thousand years of the world existence nine thousand were spent under Black Domination.” The Adamic Dynasty lasted until the Flood and was succeeded by the Hamitic Period or the Cushite Kingdom.
Origins of Civilization
Who was the Cushite? According to the Bible (Genesis 5:32, 10:1-32), "...Noah had three sons, Ham, Shem and Japheth. The sons of Ham were Cush, Mizraim, Phut and Canaan. The sons of Cush were Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Ra-amah, Sheba and Nimrod. Cush begat Nimrod who began to be a mighty one in the earth. He was a mighty hunter before the Lord; wherefore it is said, even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the Lord." This Hamitic Dynasty had its beginning about 2635 B.C. The Direct Line of the Hamitic Dynasty lasted 650 years and 25 Kings are said to have reigned in succession during that period. So where was the origin of civilization? Historians found it impossible to locate the original seat of the Cushite Kingdom. Some say it was Africa some say it was Upper Nile and some say it was Asia. The Bible says “…. the beginning of the Kingdom of Nimrod the son of Cush was in Babel (Babylon – modern day Iraq) and Erech and Accad and Calneh in the land of Shinar”.
Ethiopian tradition has recorded that the Cushite Empire was established in the valley of the Nile. Meroe and Thebes are called ancient Ethiopian cities. According to the Ancient Ethiopian Tradition, these cities were conquered by Aksumewi the son of Ethiopia whose Kingdom was at Aksum. The exact date of this is not clear. Rawlinson’s Ancient Monarchies Vol. 1 page 9 states that “…Mizraim and Nimrod both descendants of Ham led the way and acted as pioneers of mankind in various fields of art, science and literature, --- Alphabetical writings, Astronomy, History, Chronology, Architecture, Navigation, Agriculture and Textile industries seem to have had their origin in one of these countries (Egypt-Mizraim/Babylon-Nimrod).”
Bunsen in his Philosophy of Ancient History on page 59 states “…Hamitic Family must be given the credit for being the fountain-head of civilization. This family compromised the ancient Ethiopians, The Egyptians, The Original Canaanites and the Old Chaldeans.”
It was said that Mizraim peopled Egypt and Canaan, the land that was later possessed by the Hebrews. Phut extended his colonies over a wide domain, Southern Asia, southern-eastern coasts of Arabia and South Africa were colonies of the Cushite Empire. Persia, Jusiana, Media, Aria and the whole territory between the Indus and Tigris was under the Cushite Kingdom. In Africa, the Ethiopians, the Egyptians, the Libyans, the Canaanites and Phoenicians were all descendants of Ham the Black Man. They were the pioneers of today’s civilization and culture. (Mandefro, p.6)
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